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What Is Obesity & Why Does It Occur

According to the WHO (World Health Organisation ),

“Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. They are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Once considered a problem only in high-income countries, overweight and obesity are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries…”

Obesity Statistics


Worldwide obesity has nearly tripled since 1975.


In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 650 million were obese.


39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2016, and 13% were obese.


Most of the world’s population live in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight.


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39 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2020, which is preventable.

Over 340 million children and adolescents aged 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2016.

Causes Of Obesity, Myth & Reality

Our society has an abundance of myths and stereotypes about obesity and people who suffer from obesity. Many factors contribute to the raising of obesity. That includes family history, eating behavior, PAL (Physical Activity Level), and diet quality. However, one of the main reasons obesity and worldwide spreading can be associated with the misuse of sugars and processed foods and sedentary life. We can find junk food at any corner and a reasonable price. Children eat tons of sugars.

Heart diseases, high blood pressure, blood diseases, type 2 diabetes, and mental health are a few health issues associated with being overweight.

To identify what we should change in our eating behavior, we can use different tools. Simply rules of CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) are among the most efficient tools that help with behavior change. Recording our intake in Diary, regular weight checks, and normal activity levels are excellent examples of self-monitoring. They also help to reinforce good behavior and the ability to focus.

Learning the stimuli, craving and triggers those foods and situations cause in our diet increase the ability to cope with them. For example, if we know that sweets and confectionery is a trigger, probably is better to avoid keeping them in our cupboard, and learn how to enjoy our sweets on a special occasion.

Planning On Changing Your Lifestyle?

Trying to focus on the solution rather than the causes. That will lead you to a different level of thinking, reduce your stress, and make you feel better. Being constantly under stress increase the level of cortisol. Cortisol loves to help our body to store fat in our hips and our abdomen.

Right now, we know how to identify our triggers and learn how to deal with them. After that, the biggest challenge has an action plan to prevent relapse. A good relapse prevention plan includes three main steps. Firstly, recognize your triggers, secondly, deal with them and finally use our self-efficacy to deal with them without back in the old habits.

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